MBBS Curriculum 2020

Events

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Past Events



Placebo-Controlled Surgical Trials
1 October 2015 - 18:30-20:00

Lecture: David Beard, Professor of Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford
Comment: David Papineau, Professor of Philosophy, King’s College London

K2.31, King’s Building, Strand, King’s College London

(See this event also on Facebook)

See Poster Video Recording


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
2 October 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

Murphy, Dominic (2008). “Concepts of health and disease”. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Edward N. Zalta. California: Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI, Stanford University. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/health-disease

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
9 October 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Readings:

  1. Nunn, Robin (2009). “It’s time to put the placebo out of our misery”. British Medical Journal 338, b1568. http://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.b1568
  2. Nunn, Robin (2009). “Preparing for a post-placebo paradigm: ethics and choice of control in clinical trials”. American Journal of Bioethics 9, p. 51-52.  http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15265160903093854
  3. Turner, Andrew (2012). “’Placebos’ and the logic of placebo comparison”. Biology & Philosophy 27, p. 419-432. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10539-011-9289-8

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Lies, Damn’d Lies, and Statistics: Is it possible to communicate cancer risk accurately?
15 October 2015 - 18:30-20:00

Lecture: Steve John, Lecturer, History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge
Comment: Deborah Ruddy, Consultant in Clinical Genetics, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Hospital

Henriette Raphael House, Function Room, Guy’s Campus

(See this event also on Facebook)

Abstract:

 

The fact that different ways of presenting the same risk information can have very different effects on patients’ choices raises an ethical challenge: how, if at all, should medical professionals use such “perlocutionary knowledge”? In this paper, I suggest that reflection on the nature of risk estimates poses an even harder problem: which reference classes should physicians use to calculate patients’ risks in the first place? I then sketch one answer to this challenge, based on an account of rational gambling. Unfortunately, this answer seems to conflict with much current medical practice. In the final part of the paper, I try to justify current practice. I conclude with some remarks on the implications of my argument both for clinical ethics and for the philosophy of science.

Abstract
See Poster Video Recording


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
16 October 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

  1. Shapiro, Arthur K. (1960). “A contribution to a history of the placebo effect”. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 5, p. 109–135. (link)
  2. Craen, Anton J. de & al. (1999). “Placebos and placebo effects in medicine: historical overview”. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 92, p. 511–515. (link)
  3. Jütte, Robert (2013). “The early history of the placebo”. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 21, p. 94–97. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
23 October 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

  1. Hróbjartsson, Asbjørn (2002). “What are the main methodological problems in the estimation of placebo effects?”. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 55, p. 430–435. (link)
  2. Shorter, Edward (2011). “A brief history of placebos and clinical trials in psychiatry”. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 56, p. 193–197. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Surviving the Sirens: Should there be advance directives for people with Bipolar? -- CANCELLED
29 October 2015 - 18:30-20:00

Lecture: Tania Gergel, Visiting Research Fellow in Ancient Philosophy (Dept. of Classics) and Philosophy of Psychiatry (IoPPN)
Comment: Alexander Ruck Keene, Barrister and Honorary Research Lecturer at the University of Manchester

This event has been cancelled due to illness. It will be rescheduled for a later date.


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
30 October 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

  1. Hoffman, Ginger A. & al. (2005). “Pain and the placebo: what we have learned?”. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48, p. 248-265. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
6 November 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

Benedetti, Fabrizio (2008). “Mechanisms of placebo and placebo-related effects across diseases and treatments”. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology 48, p. 33-60. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


”Just because I’m paranoid doesn’t mean they’re not out to get me”: The Problem of Defining Delusion
12 November 2015 - 18:30-20:00

Lecture: Dr. Abdi Sanati, Consultant Inpatient Psychiatrist, North East London NHS Foundation Trust
Comment: Dr. Luis Flores, MD, MA, MPhil

King’s Building, K2.31, Strand

(See this event also on Facebook)

Abstract:

 

Delusions have long been seen as a hallmark of madness, but what makes something a delusion? People have mistaken beliefs without being called deluded, and the beliefs of deluded people can be true. In this talk, these and other difficulties with defining delusion will be explored from the points of view of both theory and clinical practice.

Abstract Video Recording


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
13 November 2015 - 16:00-17:30

No meeting.


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
20 November 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

Jacob Stegenga (2015). “Effectiveness of medical interventions”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 54, 34–44. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Annual Sowerby Lecture -- All Welcome
26 November 2015 - 18:30-20:00

“If I had to live like you, I think I’d kill myself”: Explaining the Disability Paradox

Lecture: Havi Carel, Professor of Philosophy, University of Bristol
Comment: Brian Hurwitz, Professor of Medicine and the Arts, King’s College London
 
(See this event also on Facebook)

Abstract:

 

The ‘disability paradox’ identifies a significant difference in how ill and disabled people rate their wellbeing, compared with healthy people asked to imagine how happy they would be if they were unwell. Ill and disabled people’s wellbeing rating is only slightly lower than that of healthy people. However, healthy people rate their hypothetical wellbeing as much lower when asked to imagine themselves as ‘hypothetical patients’. There are three possible explanations: either patients misreport their wellbeing due to adaptation, or healthy people mis-imagine ill-health, or both.

 

In this paper I examine these explanations and suggest that it is healthy people who misimagine ill-health. I also claim that it is impossible to claim that ill people are misreporting their wellbeing due to adaptaion without this having general consequences for any subjective wellbeing measurements. I also claim that the phenomenon of adaptation to illness raises important questions for health economics, and that the psycho-social mechanisms involved in adaptation can be illuminated by a phenomenological analysis.

Abstract
Video Recording


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
27 November 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

Christian Perring (2010). “Mental illness”. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Edward N. Zalta. California: Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI, Stanford University. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
4 December 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

Kendler K.S., Zachar P. & Craver C. (2011). “What kinds of things are psychiatric disorders?”. Psychological Medicine 41, p. 1143-1150. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Medicine and the Mind
11 December 2015 - 16:00-17:30

Reading:

Howick, Jeremy (2011). “Exposing the vanities – and a qualified defense – of mechanistic reasoning in health care decision making”. Philosophy of Science 78, p. 926-940. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

S-1.04, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Cause or Correlation? Causal Evidence in Medicine and Law
28 January 2016 - 18:30-20:00

Lecture: Brendan Clarke, Department of Science and Technology Studies, UCL
Comment: Nicki Cohen, Neuropathologist, GKT Department of Medical Education, KCL

Anatomy Lecture Theatre, Hodgkin Building, Guy’s Campus

(See this event also on Facebook)

Abstract:

 

How can medical researchers generate reliable knowledge about treatment outcomes? The usual answer to this question is that randomised clinical trials are the best way of doing this. But there are many cases where doing a trial is not possible. In such cases, researchers must rely on other kinds of evidence. However, as is well-known, these kinds of evidence have many shortcomings, such as suffering from confounding and various species of bias. This talk uses methods drawn from the law to explore improved ways of working with imperfect evidence in medicine.

Abstract Video Recording


In Defense of the Social Value Requirement for Clinical Research
11 February 2016 - 18:30-20:00

Lecture: Annette Rid, Department of Social Science, Health, and Medicine, KCL
Comment: Benedict Rumbold, Department of Philosophy, UCL

Anatomy Lecture Theatre, Hodgkin Building, Guy’s Campus

(See this event also on Facebook)

Abstract:

 

Many commentators and guidelines endorse the view that clinical research should be permitted only when it is socially valuable, meaning that it collects data which can be used to improve health. Despite this widespread endorsement and codification, there has been no systematic analysis of why social value is a necessary condition on acceptable clinical research, and a recent article even suggests it is not necessary. I evaluate the relevant ethical arguments and policy considerations and provide justification for the view that social value is an ethical requirement for the vast majority of clinical research trials, and should be mandated by guidelines and policies for clinical research.

Abstract


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
12 February 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Scholl, Raphael (2013). “Causal inference, mechanisms, and the Semmelweis case”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44, p. 66–76. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
19 February 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Russo, Frederica & Williamson, Jon (2007). “Interpreting causality in the health sciences”. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21, p. 157–170. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Configuring the Participants in Clinical Research
25 February 2016 - 18:30-20:00

Lecture: Norma Morris, Department of Science and Technology Studies, UCL
Comment: John Craven, Philosophy, KCL

K2.31, King’s Building, Strand, King’s College London

(See this event also on Facebook)

Abstract:

 

Empirical work on participation in clinical research (using qualitative methods) has highlighted some of the configuration work being carried out by and on those taking part. Lay contributors try out different identities and behaviours, and develop conceptions of their role in response to circumstances. Clinical staff have to reconcile the professional demands of research and of care, and adjust as necessary their pre-formed expectations of participants’ needs. They must additionally comply with professional, legal, ethical and governance frameworks and rules. The presentation discusses tensions emerging for the actors, meeting at the confluence of these three streams, in the performance of clinical research.

Abstract


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
26 February 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Dragulinescu, Stefan (2012). “On ‘Stabilising’ medical mechanisms, truth-makers and epistemic causality: a critique to Williamson and Russo’s approach”. Synthese 187, p. 785-800. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
4 March 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Cartwright, Nancy & Munro, Eileen (2010). “The limitations of randomized controlled trials in predicting effectiveness”. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, p. 260–266. (link)

Hubbeling, Dieneke (2012). “The application of Cartwright’s concept of capacities to complex interventions in psychiatry”. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18, p. 1013–1018. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Pain: survival, science and suffering
10 March 2016 - 18:30-20:00

Lecture: Emma Briggs, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, KCL
Comment: Shawn Vigil, Philosophy, KCL

K2.31, King’s Building, Strand, King’s College London

(See this event also on Facebook)

Abstract:

 

Our understanding of the nature, mechanisms and meaning of pain has evolved significantly over the last century but its complexity still presents many clinical, ethical and philosophical challenges. Pain is widespread; a universal human experience and the most frequent reason people seek healthcare. Pain has a demonstrable impact on the individual, the family and health and social care systems. This presentation sets the scene for the discussion by exploring the impact and role of pain and the unpredictable relationship between the science and suffering.

Abstract


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
11 March 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Russo, Federica & Williamson, Jon (2012). “EnviroGenomarkers: the interplay between mechanisms and difference making in establishing causal claims”. Medicine Studies 3, p. 249–262. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
18 March 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Attending the “50 Years of Worrall: Science, Structure and Rock ‘n’ Roll” conference: http://www.lse.ac.uk/philosophy/blog/2016/03/11/50-years-of-worrall-science-structure-and-rock-n-roll/

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
25 March 2016 - 16:00-18:00

No meeting.


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
8 April 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Ashcroft, Richard (2002). “What is clinical effectiveness?”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33, p. 219-233. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
15 April 2016 - 16:00-18:00

No meeting.


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
22 April 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Stegenga, Jacob (2014). “Down with the hierarchies”. Topoi 33, p. 313-322. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
29 April 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Solomon, Miriam (2011). “Just a paradigm: evidence-based medicine in epistemological context”. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1, p. 451-466. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Symposium: Self-Knowledge in and out of Illness -- Video links below
3 May 2016 - 4 May 2016 - 09:00-17:30

Self-knowledge has always played a role in health care since a person needs to be able to accurately assess her body or behaviour in order to determine whether to seek medical help. But more recently it has come to play a larger role, as health care has moved from a more paternalistic model to one where the patient is expected to take charge of her health; as we realized that early detection, and hence self-examination, can play a crucial role in outcomes; as medical science improves and makes more terminal illnesses into chronic conditions requiring self-management; as genetic testing makes it possible to have more information about our futures; and with the advent of personal electronic devices that make it easy for a person to gather accurate real-time information about her body.

It can be hard to get good information about oneself, and even harder to know what to do it. Sometimes self-knowledge is needed for a good outcome, but sometimes it is useless, or worse. Breast self-examination can lead to over-treatment, learning that one has a predisposing gene can create a detrimental illusion of knowing more about the future than one does, and data about one’s vital signs can be meaningless if taken out of a context of interpretation. We look at how these and other issues play out in a variety of medical contexts.

In conjunction with the Symposium, the Palgrave Communications journal will publish a special issue based on the same topic. More details and the Call for Papers can be found at: http://philosophyandmedicine.org/call-for-papers-self-knowledge//

(See this event also on Facebook)
 

Programme

Abstracts PDF

3 May – Greenwood Lecture Theatre

Morning: 9:00-12:30
 

Welcome: Stuart Carney, Dean of the GKT School of Medical Education
 
Introduction: Sherri Roush, Peter Sowerby Chair in Philosophy and Medicine (Video)
 

Chair: Gareth Owen, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King’s College London

Tony David, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King’s College London

Self-Reflection in illness and health – literal and metaphorical? (Video)

Nick Shea, Department of Philosophy, King’s College London

Metacognition for acting and deciding together (Video)

Fiona Johnson, University College London

Self-Perception of Weight: Is a little knowledge a dangerous thing? (Video)

Matthew Hotopf, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King’s College London

Big data, Big Brother and the internet of things: the challenges of implementing mobile health (Video)

 

Afternoon: 2:30-5:30 – followed by reception
 

Chair: Sherri Roush, King’s College London

Fiona Cowdell and Judith Dyson, University of Hull

Skin Self-examination (Video)

Quassim Cassam, Department of Philosophy, University of Warwick

Self-knowledge in Diagnosis and Self-Diagnosis (handout) (Video)

Paul Norman, University of Sheffield

Psychological aspects of Breast Self-examination (Video)

 
Reception: 5:30
 
 
 

4 May 2016 – Harris Lecture Theatre, Hodgkin Building

Morning: 9:00 – 12:00
 

Introduction: Simon Howell, Dean of Biomedical Sciences
 

Chair: Abdi Sanati, Consultant Inpatient Psychiatrist, North East London NHS Foundation Trust

Christine Patch, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Hospitals

Genetic Testing and Screening: tales from the real world (Video)

Sherri Roush, Department of Philosophy, King’s College London

Hypochondria and self-recalibration (Video)

Sacha Golob, Department of Philosophy, King’s College London

Self-Cultivation and Self-Knowing: Knowledge as Style (Video)

 

Afternoon: 2:00-5:00
 

Chair: Sacha Golob, Department of Philosophy, KCL

Veronika Williams, University of Oxford

“I just know” – experiences of self-managing acute exacerbations in COPD (Video)

Havi Carel, University of Bristol

What kind of knowledge can illness promote? (Video)

Tim Holt, University of Oxford

Sailing close to the wind: models and metaphors for the self-management of diabetes (Video)

 

See Poster See Poster B&W
 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
6 May 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Solomon, Miriam (2015). “What is translational medicine?”. Chapter 7 of Making Medical Knowledge (OUP). (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
13 May 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Fiorentinoa, Alexander R. & Dammann, Olaf (2015). “Evidence, illness, and causation: an epidemiological perspective on the Russo–Williamson Thesis”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 54, p. 1-9. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
20 May 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

Broadbent, Alex (2011). “Inferring causation in epidemiology: mechanisms, black boxes, and contrasts”. In Causality in the Sciences, ed. P. Illari, F. Russo & J. Williamson. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

E1 North Wing, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Medicine and the Mind. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Philosophy and Medicine
27 May 2016 - 16:00-18:00

No meeting.


Mortality
29 September 2016 - 16:30-18:00

LectureDavid Galloway, KCL Philosophy

Anatomy Lecture Theatre, Hodgkin Building, Guy’s Campus

Abstract:

Would it be a good thing for us if we were able to lengthen our lives indefinitely, in excellent physical health? Or would we all, even in the most favourable circumstances, choose eventually to die? If we would so choose, then our mortality is not in itself a bad thing, and immortality is not to be desired. I will discuss factors we might consider in making this choice.

(See this event also on Facebook)

Essay Contest
Reading Group Video Recording


Reading Group: Death and Mortality
6 October 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Reading:

The following readings will anchor our discussion, in this order, and we’ll see how far we get each time. The papers can be found online, but the first one takes some digging.

Reading beforehand is not required. Feel free to come as you are.

  • Bernard Williams, ‘The Makropulos Case: reflections on the tedium of immortality’
  • Bernard Williams, ‘Unbearable suffering’, in his The Sense of the Past.
  • Ben Bradley, ‘Existential terror’, Journal of Ethics 19 (2015)
  • Adrian Moore, ‘Williams, Nietzsche and the meaninglessness of immortality’, Mind 115 April 2006
  • Galen Strawson, ‘Against narrativity’, in Ratio XVII 4 (December 2004)
  • Samuel Scheffler, Death and the Afterlife
  • Susan Woolf, Meaning in Life

Convenor: Dr David Galloway

K-1.56, Strand Building, Strand, King’s College London

(See this event also on Facebook)


Were you a part of your mother? The Metaphysics of Pregnancy
13 October 2016 - 16:30-18:00

LectureElselijn Kingma, Department of Philosophy, University of Southampton
Comment: Dr. Shree Datta, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynecologist, King’s College Hospital

New Hunt’s House, G.12, Guy’s Campus

Abstract:

What is the metaphysical relationship between the gestating organism and its embryo/fetus? I compare two views: (1) the fetal container model: the fetus is not part of but merely contained within or surrounded by the gestating organism; (2) the part-whole model: the fetus is part of its gestator. The fetal container model appears to be the received view. It is widely assumed but, I argue, without good argument; this model needs substantial support if it is to be taken seriously. The part-whole model is not presently defended, but I argue that it derives considerable support from a range of biological and physiological considerations. I conclude that the part-whole model has the upper hand and that, if true, this has important consequences for the metaphysics of persons and organisms and, perhaps, ethics and law.

(See this event also on Facebook)

Video Recording


Reading Group: Death and Mortality
20 October 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Convenor: Dr David Galloway

K-1.56, King’s Building, Strand, King’s College London

(See this event also on Facebook)

Reading:

The following readings will anchor our discussion, in this order, and we’ll see how far we get each time. The papers can be found online, but the first one takes some digging.

Reading beforehand is not required. Feel free to come as you are.

  • Bernard Williams, ‘The Makropulos Case: reflections on the tedium of immortality’
  • Bernard Williams, ‘Unbearable suffering’, in his The Sense of the Past.
  • Ben Bradley, ‘Existential terror’, Journal of Ethics 19 (2015)
  • Adrian Moore, ‘Williams, Nietzsche and the meaninglessness of immortality’, Mind 115 April 2006
  • Galen Strawson, ‘Against narrativity’, in Ratio XVII 4 (December 2004)
  • Samuel Scheffler, Death and the Afterlife
  • Susan Woolf, Meaning in Life

 

After-event Film Screening

“Highlander”

6:30pm – 405 Philosophy Building
 
 


Delusional Reasoning
27 October 2016 - 16:30-18:00

LectureMatthew Parrott, KCL Philosophy

King’s Building, K-1.56, Strand Campus

Abstract:

In psychiatric textbooks and diagnostic manuals delusions are typically characterized in terms of impaired reasoning or as manifestations of irrationality. Yet it remains unclear what precisely is irrational about delusional patterns of thinking. In this presentation, we will examine several styles of reasoning exhibited in cases of delusion, some of which, as we shall see, appear surprisingly rational. This suggests, I shall claim, that delusional cognition is far more nuanced than standard textbooks and manuals might lead us to believe.

(See this event also on Facebook)

Video Recording


Essay contest reminder
31 October 2016 - 00:00-00:00

2016 SOWERBY ESSAY CONTEST – deadline in 1 week.


Surviving the Sirens: Should there be advance directives for people with bipolar?
10 November 2016 - 17:00-18:30

LectureTania Gergel, IoPPN
Comment: Alex Ruck Keene, Barrister

New Hunt’s House, Lecture Theatre 2, Guy’s Campus

Abstract:

Bipolar Affective Disorder is a cyclical condition, with periods of remission and periods of illness, which often involve loss of decision-making capacity and damaging behaviour. For people with Bipolar, a self-binding (advance) directive (SBD), which commits them to treatment during future episodes, even if unwilling, can seem the most rational solution for an imperfect predicament. Nevertheless, efforts to establish a provision for SBDs are hampered by valid, but also paralysing, ethical, clinical and legal concerns. Paradoxically, the rights of people with Bipolar are being ‘protected’ through being denied an opportunity to protect themselves. We will present and discuss a model of an SBD which could represent a legitimate and ethically coherent form of self-determination.

(See this event also on Facebook)

Video Recording


Reading Group: Death and Mortality
17 November 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Convenor: Dr David Galloway

K-1.56, King’s Building, Strand, King’s College London

(See this event also on Facebook)
 

Film Screening

“Children of Men”
 


2016 Annual Sowerby Lecture
24 November 2016 - 19:30-21:00

Medical Nihilism: Should we trust medical research?

Lecture: Jacob Stegenga – University of Cambridge History and Philosophy of Science
Comment: Richard Smith, former editor of the British Medical Journal

Abstract:

Many prominent physicians and journalists have expressed arguments supporting medical nihilism, which is the view that we should have little confidence in the effectiveness of novel medical interventions. In this talk I assess the case for medical nihilism. Salient arguments are based on the frequency of failed medical interventions, the extent of misleading and discordant evidence in clinical research, the sketchy theoretical framework on which many medical interventions are based, and the malleability of even the very best empirical methods employed in clinical research. To evaluate medical nihilism with care I articulate the general argument in formal terms. If we attend more broadly to our evidence, malleable methods, and background theories, and reason with our best inductive framework, then I argue that our confidence in the effectiveness of most medical interventions ought to be low.

(See this event also on Facebook)

Video Recording


Reading Group: Death and Mortality
1 December 2016 - 16:00-18:00

Convenor: Dr David Galloway

K-1.56, King’s Building, Strand, King’s College London

(See this event also on Facebook)

Reading:

  • Samuel Scheffler, Death and the Afterlife

 
 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
20 January 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

Maung, Hane (2016). “Diagnosis and causal explanation in psychiatry”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. 60, p. 15-24. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


What's wrong with pragmatic trials?
26 January 2017 - 17:00-18:30

LectureNancy Cartwright, University of Durham and University of California, San Diego (Work with Sarah Wieten)

Video Recording

(See this event also on Facebook)
 

Abstract:

In principle nothing is wrong with pragmatic trials: trials that ‘seek to determine the effectiveness of an intervention in a real-world setting to inform clinical decision making’ (Roland and Torgerson, 1998). In aid of this, pragmatic trials eliminate some of the exclusion conditions that are usual in what are labelled ‘ideal’ or ‘explanatory’ trials. The trouble comes with the concepts of ‘effectiveness’ and ‘external validity’. Positive results in well-conducted trials, whether ideal or pragmatic, show only that the treatment has worked for some members of the population enrolled in the trial. They cannot establish that it works in general nor what other factors help or hinder. Similarly, a pragmatic trial can establish that the treatment worked in the particular ‘real world’ setting – the one in which it was conducted, not that it works in ‘real world clinical practice’. Nor can they tell us what, if anything, is causally relevant in those settings. What can they do then? We shall argue that pragmatic trial results can be used in just the same way as ‘explanatory’ trial results: in tandem with a great deal of other evidence and theory, especial ‘midrange’ theory, to build credible local claims about how specific populations – or possibly even a specific individual – in specific places and circumstances may respond.
 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
27 January 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

Kendler, Kenneth S. (2012). “The dappled nature of causes of psychiatric illness: replacing the organic-functional/hardware-software dichotomy with empirically based pluralism”. Molecular Psychiatry 17, p. 377-388. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
3 February 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

Woodward, James (2008). “Cause and explanation in psychiatry: an interventionist perspective”. In K. S. Kendler & J. Parnas eds, Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
10 February 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Readings:

  • Bolton, Derek (2012). “Classification and causal mechanisms – a deflationary approach to the classification problem”. In K. S. Kendler & J. Parnas eds, Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry II: Nosology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • First, Micheal B. (2012). “Comments: The National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project: moving towards a neuroscience-based diagnostic classification in psychiatry”. In K. S. Kendler & J. Parnas eds, Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry II: Nosology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.(link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
17 February 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Readings:

  • Cuthbert, Bruce N. (2014). “The RDoC framework: facilitating transition from ICD/DSM to dimensional approaches that integrate neuroscience and psychopathology”. World Psychiatry 13, p. 28-35. (link)
  • Kendler, Kenneth S. & Campbell, John (2009). “Interventionist causal models in psychiatry: repositioning the mind–body problem”. Psychological Medicine 39, p. 881-887. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
24 February 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Hoffman, Ginger A. & Zachar, Peter (2017). “RDoCʹs metaphysical assumptions: problems and promises”. In J. Poland & Şerife Tekin eds, Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Manic Temporality and Decision-Making: A Phenomenological Approach
2 March 2017 - 17:00-18:30

LectureWayne Martin, Department of Philosophy, University of Essex.

Video Recording

Abstract:

The symptom scales and diagnostic criteria for mania are peppered with temporally inflected language: increased rate of speech, racing thoughts, flight of ideas, hyperactivity. But what is the underlying phenomenological structure of temporal experience in manic episodes? We identify a set of hypotheses about manic temporality formulated by two pioneers in 20th century clinical phenomenology: Eugène Minkowski (1885-1972) and Ludwig Binswanger (1881-1966). We then test, critique, and refine these hypothesis using methods of “second-person phenomenology” in an interview-based study of persons with a history of bipolar disorder and a current diagnosis of mania. We show that Minkowski and Binswanger were wrong to claim that persons experiencing acute mania are somehow trapped in the present moment. But we provide evidence that supports their hypothesis that disturbance in the formal structure of temporal experience is a core feature of mania. Developing a suggestion from Binswanger, we propose an interpretation of manic temporality as involving a distinctive form of protention. We identify consequences of this temporal disturbance for the assessment of decision-making capacity under conditions of mania.

(See this event also on Facebook)
 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
3 March 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Kostko, Aaron & Bickle, John (2017). “Personalized psychiatry and scientific causal explanations: two accounts”. In J. Poland & Şerife Tekin eds, Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
10 March 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Campbell, John (2009). “What does rationality have to do with psychological causation? Propositional attitudes as mechanisms and as control variables”. In Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical perspectives, ed. M. Broome & Lisa Bortolotti. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Privacy, consent and health data: using identifiable health data for secondary purposes ethically, but without consent
16 March 2017 - 17:00-18:30

LectureJames Wilson, Department of Philosophy, UCL

Video Recording

(See this event also on Facebook)

Abstract:

A number legal regimes (e.g. England’s section 251 of the NHS Act 2006), have a mechanism that allows research involving identifiable health information to proceed without consent for a large population on grounds of the impracticability of gaining consent, even though the same research project would require the consent of all participants were the number of participants significantly smaller. This paper examines the cogency of the reasoning involved in such decisions, arguing that it seems difficult to justify on the assumption that in usual circumstances individuals have a right that their identifiable health information not be used without their consent. If using someone’s identifiable information without their consent would violate their rights if they were a member of a small group, why should it stop being a violation of that person’s rights if the group they are in becomes sufficiently large? I propose instead a new ethical justification for such use of health data, which I call the reasonable trespass account.


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
17 March 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Cratsley, Kelso (2017). “The shift to mechanistic explanation and classification”. In J. Poland & Şerife Tekin eds, Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
24 March 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Bolton, Derek (2008). “The epistemology of randomized, controlled trials and application in psychiatry”. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15, p. 159-165. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
31 March 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Bolton, Derek (1997). “Encoding of meaning: deconstructing the meaning/causality distinction”. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4, p. 255-267. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group: Causal Explanation in Psychiatry
7 April 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Kendler, Kenneth S. & Campbell, John (2014). “Expanding the domain of the understandable in psychiatric illness: an updating of the Jasperian framework of explanation and understanding”. Psychological Medicine 44, p. 1-7. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu

Room 703, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Reading Group
21 April 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Fuller, Jonathan (forthcoming). “What are chronic diseases?”. Synthese. (link)

Convener: Dr Tuomas Pernu, plus presentation from Jonathan Fuller

Philosophy Department Seminar Room: PB405 (KCL, Strand, Philosophy Building, Ground Floor)

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

 


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group: Addiction
3 November 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter & Pickard, Hanna (2013). “What is addiction?”. In KWM Fulford & al. eds, The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry: Oxford: Oxford University Press. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 608 (Graduate Common Room), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


2017 Annual Sowerby Lecture
9 November 2017 - 19:30-21:00

Mental Health and Justice: Classical and Romantic perspectives

Lecture: Gareth Owen – King’s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience

See this event also on Facebook.

Video Recording

Abstract:

Psychiatry has long attracted interpretations from cool, detached perspectives valuing objectivity (Kraepelin, Freud, Beck) to hotter, embodied perspectives valuing subjectivity (Reil, Laing, Foucault).

These two perspectives (‘classical’ and ‘romantic’) are now expressing themselves in psychiatry’s meeting point with law with different approaches taken to the decision-making of the mentally ill. A recent ‘classical’ achievement in this area is the Mental Capacity Act (2005) which lays out a test of decision-making capacity within a legal framework that has been described as “a masterpiece of legal clarity”. A recent romantic achievement has been the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which emphatically asserts a social model of mental illness in which society, not the brain, is the true source of disabilities.

This lecture will probe the subjectivity of some disorders of mind and brain. What, for example, is it like to be a decision-maker under conditions of brain injury unaware of one’s deficits or a person with affective disorder fluctuating between experiences of the future as intensely dark and intensely bright? And how should others respond? It aims to use these forms of human experience to challenge the single mindedness of both classical and romantic perspectives and draw out implications for psychiatry as a branch of medicine interacting with law and society.

 

About the Speaker:

Dr Gareth Owen leads the Wellcome Trust funded Mental Health and Justice Project – a collaborative research endeavour spanning psychiatry, law, ethics, neuroscience and social science/public policy. The project takes an interdisciplinary approach to the core dilemma of respecting vs. protecting the decision-making of people with mental disabilities or disorders. He did undergrad studies in physics, philosophy and medicine and post grad psychiatry training at the Maudsley.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group: Addiction
10 November 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Brooks, Samantha J.; Lochner, Christine; Shoptaw, Steve Shoptaw & Stein, Dan J. (2017). “Using the research domain criteria (RDoC) to conceptualize impulsivity and compulsivity in relation to addiction”. Progress in Brain Research 235, p. 177-218. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group: Addiction
17 November 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Calvey, Tanya (2017). “The extended evolutionary synthesis and addiction: the price we pay for adaptability”. Progress in Brain Research 235, p. 1-18. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group: Addiction
1 December 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Hendem, Edmund & Gjelsvik, Olav (2017). “What Is wrong with the brains of addicts?”. Neuroethics 10, p. 71-78. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London – we will be meeting in the Common Room and then we will look for a free room in the building.

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group: Addiction
8 December 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Pickard, Hanna (2017). “Responsibility without blame for addiction”. Neuroethics 10, p. 169-180. (link)
  • Lewis, Marc (2017). “Choice isn’t simple. Reply to Pickard”. Neuroethics 10, p. 181-183. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group: Addiction
15 December 2017 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Ahmed, Serge H. (2010). “Validation crisis in animal models of drug addiction: beyond non-disordered drug use toward drug addiction”. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 35, p. 172-184. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
26 January 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
2 February 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Borsboom, Denny; Cramer, Angélique & Kalis, Annemarie (forthcoming). “Brain disorders? Not really … Why network structures block reductionism in psychopathology research”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Too much medicine: Not enough trust?
6 February 2018 - 17:00-18:30

LectureZoë Fritz and Richard Holton, University of Cambridge.

G.12 New Hunt’s House, Guy’s Campus

(See this event also on Facebook)
 

Abstract:

We suggest that ‘too much medicine’, in the shape of both investigations and
treatments, is sometimes offered as a substitute for a trusting relationship. We investigate the
nature of such a relationship, arguing that at its core it involves a transfer of discretion. We
show that there is substantial empirical support for the idea that more trust will reduce the
problem of too much medicine. We then investigate ways in which trust can be built quickly,
concentrating on issues of questioning, and of entrusting uncertainty and treatment. We
conclude by suggesting that using over-treatment as a way of generating trust may itself be an
untrustworthy way of proceeding.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
9 February 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Wakefield, Jerome C. (2017). “Addiction and the concept of disorder, part 1: why addiction is a medical disorder”. Neuroethics 10, p. 39-53. (link)
  • Lewis, Marc (2017). “What Evolution Intended? Reply to Wakefield”. Neuroethics 10, p. 69-70. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Manufactured Values: Industry Front Groups, Looping Effects, and Regulatory Decisions
13 February 2018 - 17:00-18:30

LectureBennett Holman, University of Yonsei.

Classroom 6, Hodgkin Building, Guy’s Campus

(See this event also on Facebook)
 

Abstract:

Evaluating a case to determine whether it is an example of overtreatment frequently
trades on values: “Which side effects are important enough to include in any measurement of
harm? Are some side effects more important than others? Who should decide—patients,
clinicians, or researchers? And what if they disagree?” (Carter et al. 2015). In an effort to deal
with just this issue, the FDA created the patient focus drug program. Combining philosophy
with qualitative methods from the social sciences, our research first examines the October
2014 patient meeting for Flibanserin and female sexual dysfunction. We show that industry-
funded participants presented a unified message that was almost completely distinct from
other participants. We argue that this process can be understood as an example of a “looping
effect” (i.e. women have internalized the industry’s narrative which now genuinely structures
their experience). Setting this case in context of broader efforts by industry to shape the
experience of patient groups, we argue that: At best this significantly complicates efforts to
incorporate patient values into risk/benefit judgments, and at worst, it belies the
presupposition that patient interests are an objective, immutable, and knowable factor to be
incorporated into medical decision making and regulatory decisions.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
16 February 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Wakefield, Jerome C. & First, Michael B. (2012). “Placing symptoms in context: the role of contextual criteria in reducing false positives in DSM diagnosis”. Comprehensive Psychiatry 53, p. 130–139. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
23 February 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • TBA

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
2 March 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • TBA

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
9 March 2018 - 18:00-19:00

Reading:

  • Volkow, N. D., Fowler J. S., Wang, G.-J. & Swanson, J. M. (2004). “Dopamine in drug abuse and addiction: results from imaging studies and treatment implications”. Molecular Psychiatry 9, p. 557-569. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
16 March 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • TBA

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


POSTPONED: Scientific Ecosystems and Research Reproducibility
20 March 2018 - 13:00-14:30

NOTICE: This lecture will be postponed due to the UCU strike. Please check back later for updates to when it will be rescheduled, our join our mailing list to be notified (in the footer of the website.)

LectureMarcus Munafò, University of Bristol.

Classroom 6, Hodgkin Building, Guy’s Campus

Abstract:

There have been a number of high profile cases of academic fraud, but a more insidious threat to the integrity of science is the extent to which distortions of scientific best practice increases the likelihood that published research findings are in fact false. There is growing evidence for a range of systemic problems within science, such as flexibility in the analysis of data, selective reporting of study results, publication bias against null results, influence of vested (e.g., financial) interests, and distorted incentive structures. A number of strategies for improving the situation will be discussed.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
23 March 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Levy, Neil (2006). “Autonomy and addiction”. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36, p. 427-447. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
6 April 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Cuthbert, Bruce N. (2014). “The RDoC framework: facilitating transition from ICD/DSM to dimensional approaches that integrate neuroscience and psychopathology”. World Psychiatry 13, p. 28-35. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
13 April 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Meynen, Gerben (2010). “Free will and mental disorder: exploring the relationship”. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31, p. 429-443. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
20 April 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Wasserman, David & Johnston, Josephine (2014). “Seeing responsibility: can neuroimaging teach us anything about moral and legal responsibility?”. The Hastings Center Report 44, p. S37-S49. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Is Suicide a Psychiatric Problem?
24 April 2018 - 13:00-14:30

Lecture: Hane Maung, Lancaster University

Room 4.16 Henriette Raphael House, Guy’s Campus

(See this event also on Facebook)

Video Recording

Abstract:

Suicide is understood as being a complex outcome of multiple interacting factors at multiple levels of organisation, including diverse processes at individual, interpersonal, and environmental levels. Despite this complexity, suicide is commonly framed in contemporary health discourse as primarily being the causal outcome of mental disorder. Accordingly, mental health professionals are granted responsibilities for suicide prevention and can even be held legally liable when suicides occur. This selective emphasis on mental disorder raises philosophical problems. How do we make sense of the messy and murky interactions of factors that are involved in suicide causation? What accounts for our privileging of mental disorder over other factors as the primary cause of suicide? Is the connection between mental disorder and suicide wholly causal or partly the result of how mental disorder is defined? These questions are important, because they call attention to implicit assumptions involved in the way the issue of suicide causation is framed in contemporary health policy. In this talk, I draw on theory from the philosophy of science to unpack some of these assumptions and to explore the extent to which the contemporary view of suicide as being primarily a causal outcome of mental disorder can be sustained.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
27 April 2018 - 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Greene, Joshua & Cohen, Jonathan (2004). “For the law, neuroscience changes nothing and everything”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 359, p. 1775-1785. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Workshop on the Replication Crisis in Biomedicine
14 June 2018 - 13:30-18:00


Verena Heise (Oxford)

Robust Research – Progress, pitfalls and promise

How do we respond to the reproducibility crisis in academia? How do we respond to the people who have had enough of experts? And what does this have to do with the Cambridge Analytica scandal? In this talk I will focus on some practical solutions such as open science and good research practices that can help make our research findings more robust. While there are a number of solutions that can be implemented by individual researchers, there are wider issues, for example around incentives and skills training, that require cultural change. To this end we have started the Robust Research Initiative at the University of Oxford, which is mostly driven by early career researchers. I will give an overview of our current activities and the pitfalls and promise associated with developing robust research strategies.

 

Chris Chambers (Cardiff)

Registered Reports, five years on: A vaccine against bias in research and publishing

In 2013, Cortex became the first journal to offer Registered Reports, a format of preregistered empirical publication in which peer review happens prior to data collection and analysis (see https://cos.io/rr/). The aim of Registered Reports is to overcome publication bias and various forms of researcher bias (e.g. selective reporting of statistically significant results and hindsight bias), by performing peer review in part before studies commence. Publishability is then decided by the importance of the research question and quality of the methodology, and never based on the results of hypothesis testing. In this talk I will introduce the concept of Registered Reports and provide an update on its progress at at Cortex and beyond, including its uptake by prominent journals such as Nature Human Behaviour, generalist journals including Royal Society Open Science, and emerging clinical trial formats. I will also discuss preliminary evidence of impacts on the field and emerging Registered Report funding models in which journals and funders simultaneously assess proposed protocols. Together with allied initiatives, Registered Reports are helping to reshape the incentive structure of the life and social sciences to place theory, transparency and reproducibility at the fore.
 

Marcus Munafò (Bristol)

Scientific Ecosystems and Research Reproducibility

There have been a number of high profile cases of academic fraud, but a more insidious threat to the integrity of science is the extent to which distortions of scientific best practice increases the likelihood that published research findings are in fact false. There is growing evidence for a range of systemic problems within science, such as flexibility in the analysis of data, selective reporting of study results, publication bias against null results, influence of vested (e.g., financial) interests, and distorted incentive structures. A number of strategies for improving the situation will be discussed.

 

Attendance:

All are welcome! If you would like to come but do not have a King’s/GKT identity card, please let me know so that I can inform security at New Hunt’s House. Email: alexander.bird@kcl.ac.uk

(See this event also on Facebook)
 


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
29 June 2018 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Blakey, Robert & Kremsmayer, Tobias P. (2018). “Unable or unwilling to exercise self-control? The impact of neuroscience on perceptions of impulsive offenders”. Frontiers in Psychology 8:2189. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Meeting at: Camden Town tube station

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
2 November 2018 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Gamma, Alex (2017). “Personalized and precision medicine”. In M. Solomon, J.R. Simon & H. Kincaid eds, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine. New York, NY: Routledge (link) – if you have trouble accessing the paper, contact Tuomas: tuomas.pernu@kcl.ac.uk

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Location: Room 508

 

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, this term with a special focus on personalised medicine. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Understanding our ordinary thought and talk about chronic pain
8 November 2018 - 12:30-14:00

Lecture: Emma Borg, University of Reading

Classroom 6, Hodgkin Building, Guy’s Campus – please note the unusual time.

(See this event also on Facebook)

Video Recording

 

Please note that any external attendees, i.e. those not currently holding a valid King’s ID card, will need to send their names to Harriet Fagerberg (harriet.fagerberg@kcl.ac.uk) prior to the 6th of November, so that she can notify King’s Estate Security.

 

Abstract:

Pain has a long history of study, from both the philosophical and the scientific perspectives, yet the question of what pain is, and how we conceive of and communicate about it, remains vexed. In this talk, we introduce a new approach to understanding our ordinary thought and talk about (chronic) pain – the so-called ‘polyeidic’ approach – whereby pain thinking is held to involve tacit stances on a number of distinct pain dimensions. We argue briefly that this approach is supported by experimental findings in philosophy and then turn to consider the clinical relevance of the view, suggesting that it provides a better understanding of chronic pain patients and the treatments from which they may benefit.

 


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
9 November 2018 - 16:00-17:00

Reading:

  • Gamma, Alex (2013). “The role of genetic information in personalized medicine”. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56, p. 485-512. (link) – if you have trouble accessing the paper, contact Tuomas: tuomas.pernu@kcl.ac.uk

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Location: Room 508

 

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, this term with a special focus on personalised medicine. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


2018 Annual Sowerby Lecture
13 November 2018 - 19:30-21:00

Reflections on why I want what I want from research and researchers — as a patient

Lecture: Sir Iain Chalmers

Theatre 2, New Hunt’s House, KCL Guy’s Campus

Video Recording

See this event also on Facebook.

 

Abstract:

A quarter of a century ago, I decided to ask myself what I wanted—as a patient—from health research and researchers. In a BMJ paper I stated that I wanted decisions about my health care to be informed by ‘reliable evidence’. I also noted that people are bound to vary in what they regard as ‘reliable evidence’, and that a leap of faith would anyway always be needed in judging what the effects of health care options would be for me, as an individual. But I also made clear that, for me, ‘reliable evidence’ would usually mean evidence derived from systematic reviews of carefully controlled evaluative research, assembled with an awareness of the ways in which biases and the play of chance can play us false.

I suggested in the paper that there had been too little support for the kind of applied health research that I felt I needed to inform my health care choices. And I gave examples of the damaging consequences that can result from insufficient attention to reducing the effects of biases and the play of chance.

My lecture will revisit the themes I addressed 25 years ago and reflect on why—as a patient—I still want what I wanted from research and researchers quarter of a century ago.

 

About the Speaker:

Iain Chalmers was founding director of the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit (www.npeu.ox.ac.uk) between 1978 and 1992, and founding director of the UK Cochrane Centre (www.uk.cochrane.org) between 1992 and 2002. Since 2003, he has coordinated the James Lind Initiative, which developed the James Lind Alliance between 2004 and 2013 (www.jla.nihr.ac.uk). Iain edits The James Lind Library (www.jameslindlibrary.org) and Testing Treatments international English (www.en.testingtreatments.org); he co-organised with Paul Glasziou the 2014 Lancet series on reducing waste and adding value in biomedical research (www.rewardalliance.net); and he is a co-investigator with Andy Oxman and colleagues in Norway and East Africa of the Informed Health Choices Project (www.informedhealthchoices.org).


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
16 November 2018 - 17:00-19:00

Reading:

  • Furman, Katherine (forthcoming). “Mono-causal and multi-causal theories of disease: how to think virally and socially about the aetiology of AIDS”. Journal of Medical Humanities. (link) – if you have trouble accessing the paper, contact Tuomas: tuomas.pernu@kcl.ac.uk

Katherine (the author of the paper) will be present too, so do join us in discussing the aetiology of AIDS and causal explanation in medicine – everybody’s welcome!

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Location: Room 508

 

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, this term with a special focus on personalised medicine. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


A Plurality During Pregnancy?
22 November 2018 - 17:00-18:30

Lecture: Jonathan Grose, University of Southampton

Strand Campus, Somerset House East Wing, Room SW-2.17

Those not holding a valid King’s ID card can register by emailing Harriet Fagerberg their name prior to the 21st of Nov.

(See this event also on Facebook)


Abstract:

I argue that the case of mammalian, placental pregnancy is a neglected and significant example of what Clarke calls “the problem of biological individuality”. This example is much closer to home than those typically discussed in the literature. I apply both evolutionary and immunological accounts of individuality to the “counting question”, how many individuals are present during a placental pregnancy? I conclude that evolutionary approaches yield the answer “two”, due to bottlenecking, germ-soma sequestration and sexual recombination. By contrast, an immunological approach answers “one”, due to pervasive interactions during pregnancy. Consequently, pregnancy provides a clear, novel example of the need for a pluralist approach to biological individuality.

 


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
23 November 2018 - 17:00-19:00

Reading:

  • Jefferson, Anneli (forthcoming). “What does it take to be a brain disorder?”. Synthese.(link) – if you have trouble accessing the paper, contact Tuomas: tuomas.pernu@kcl.ac.uk

Anneli (the author of the paper) will be joining us.

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Location: Room 508

 

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, this term with a special focus on personalised medicine. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Sharing Personal Stories in Mental Health Debates
29 November 2018 - 17:00-18:30

Lecture: Lisa Bortolotti, University of Birmingham

Classroom 12, Hodgkin Building at Guy’s Campus

Those not holding a valid King’s ID card can register by emailing Harriet Fagerberg their name prior to the 28th of Nov.

(See this event also on Facebook)

 
Abstract:

In this paper I consider the use of personally significant stories in public debates about mental health. I offer one example: the debate whether the biomedical model or the trauma-informed approach provides the best account of distress, revived by the launch of the Power Threat Meaning framework. First, I observe how personally significant stories are used and claim that they do not merely offer insight into a first-person experience or illustrate some aspects of distress and autism in a vivid and memorable way, but often constitute arguments for a given viewpoint in the context of heated and polarised debates. Then, I ask what it would take for stories to be good arguments for the viewpoint they support. In the end, I suggest that participants in a public debate have a responsibility to maintain some critical distance from the personally significant stories that are shared within that debate, as such stories can have a powerful influence on the development and outcome of the debate.


 


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
30 November 2018 - 17:00-19:00

Reading:

  • Felthous, Alan R. (2008). “The will: from metaphysical freedom to normative functionalism”. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law 36, p. 16-24.(link) – if you have trouble accessing the paper, contact Tuomas: tuomas.pernu@kcl.ac.uk

Anneli (the author of the paper) will be joining us.

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Location: Room 508

 

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, this term with a special focus on personalised medicine. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
7 December 2018 - 17:00-19:00

Reading:

  • Osimani, Barbara (2014). “Hunting side effects and explaining them: should we reverse evidence hierarchies upside down?”. Topoi 33, p. 295-312.(link) – if you have trouble accessing the paper, contact Tuomas: tuomas.pernu@kcl.ac.uk

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Location: Room 508

 

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, this term with a special focus on personalised medicine. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.


Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
14 December 2018 - 17:00-19:00

Reading:

  • Caruso, Gregg D. (2017). Public Health and Safety: The Social Determinants of Health and Criminal Behavior. UK: ResearchLinks Books.(link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Location: Room 508

 

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, this term with a special focus on personalised medicine. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.