Events Overview

Past Events

Workshop on the Replication Crisis in Biomedicine
14 June 2018 – 13:30-18:00


Verena Heise (Oxford)

Robust Research – Progress, pitfalls and promise

How do we respond to the reproducibility crisis in academia? How do we respond to the people who have had enough of experts? And what does this have to do with the Cambridge Analytica scandal? In this talk I will focus on some practical solutions such as open science and good research practices that can help make our research findings more robust. While there are a number of solutions that can be implemented by individual researchers, there are wider issues, for example around incentives and skills training, that require cultural change. To this end we have started the Robust Research Initiative at the University of Oxford, which is mostly driven by early career researchers. I will give an overview of our current activities and the pitfalls and promise associated with developing robust research strategies.

 

Chris Chambers (Cardiff)

Registered Reports, five years on: A vaccine against bias in research and publishing

In 2013, Cortex became the first journal to offer Registered Reports, a format of preregistered empirical publication in which peer review happens prior to data collection and analysis (see https://cos.io/rr/). The aim of Registered Reports is to overcome publication bias and various forms of researcher bias (e.g. selective reporting of statistically significant results and hindsight bias), by performing peer review in part before studies commence. Publishability is then decided by the importance of the research question and quality of the methodology, and never based on the results of hypothesis testing. In this talk I will introduce the concept of Registered Reports and provide an update on its progress at at Cortex and beyond, including its uptake by prominent journals such as Nature Human Behaviour, generalist journals including Royal Society Open Science, and emerging clinical trial formats. I will also discuss preliminary evidence of impacts on the field and emerging Registered Report funding models in which journals and funders simultaneously assess proposed protocols. Together with allied initiatives, Registered Reports are helping to reshape the incentive structure of the life and social sciences to place theory, transparency and reproducibility at the fore.
 

Marcus Munafò (Bristol)

Scientific Ecosystems and Research Reproducibility

There have been a number of high profile cases of academic fraud, but a more insidious threat to the integrity of science is the extent to which distortions of scientific best practice increases the likelihood that published research findings are in fact false. There is growing evidence for a range of systemic problems within science, such as flexibility in the analysis of data, selective reporting of study results, publication bias against null results, influence of vested (e.g., financial) interests, and distorted incentive structures. A number of strategies for improving the situation will be discussed.

 

Attendance:

All are welcome! If you would like to come but do not have a King’s/GKT identity card, please let me know so that I can inform security at New Hunt’s House. Email: alexander.bird@kcl.ac.uk

(See this event also on Facebook)
 

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
27 April 2018 – 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Greene, Joshua & Cohen, Jonathan (2004). “For the law, neuroscience changes nothing and everything”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 359, p. 1775-1785. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

Is Suicide a Psychiatric Problem?
24 April 2018 – 13:00-14:30

Lecture: Hane Maung, Lancaster University

Room 4.16 Henriette Raphael House, Guy’s Campus

(See this event also on Facebook)

Video Recording

Abstract:

Suicide is understood as being a complex outcome of multiple interacting factors at multiple levels of organisation, including diverse processes at individual, interpersonal, and environmental levels. Despite this complexity, suicide is commonly framed in contemporary health discourse as primarily being the causal outcome of mental disorder. Accordingly, mental health professionals are granted responsibilities for suicide prevention and can even be held legally liable when suicides occur. This selective emphasis on mental disorder raises philosophical problems. How do we make sense of the messy and murky interactions of factors that are involved in suicide causation? What accounts for our privileging of mental disorder over other factors as the primary cause of suicide? Is the connection between mental disorder and suicide wholly causal or partly the result of how mental disorder is defined? These questions are important, because they call attention to implicit assumptions involved in the way the issue of suicide causation is framed in contemporary health policy. In this talk, I draw on theory from the philosophy of science to unpack some of these assumptions and to explore the extent to which the contemporary view of suicide as being primarily a causal outcome of mental disorder can be sustained.

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
20 April 2018 – 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Wasserman, David & Johnston, Josephine (2014). “Seeing responsibility: can neuroimaging teach us anything about moral and legal responsibility?”. The Hastings Center Report 44, p. S37-S49. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508, Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
13 April 2018 – 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Meynen, Gerben (2010). “Free will and mental disorder: exploring the relationship”. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31, p. 429-443. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
6 April 2018 – 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Cuthbert, Bruce N. (2014). “The RDoC framework: facilitating transition from ICD/DSM to dimensional approaches that integrate neuroscience and psychopathology”. World Psychiatry 13, p. 28-35. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
23 March 2018 – 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • Levy, Neil (2006). “Autonomy and addiction”. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36, p. 427-447. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

POSTPONED: Scientific Ecosystems and Research Reproducibility
20 March 2018 – 13:00-14:30

NOTICE: This lecture will be postponed due to the UCU strike. Please check back later for updates to when it will be rescheduled, our join our mailing list to be notified (in the footer of the website.)

LectureMarcus Munafò, University of Bristol.

Classroom 6, Hodgkin Building, Guy’s Campus

Abstract:

There have been a number of high profile cases of academic fraud, but a more insidious threat to the integrity of science is the extent to which distortions of scientific best practice increases the likelihood that published research findings are in fact false. There is growing evidence for a range of systemic problems within science, such as flexibility in the analysis of data, selective reporting of study results, publication bias against null results, influence of vested (e.g., financial) interests, and distorted incentive structures. A number of strategies for improving the situation will be discussed.

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
16 March 2018 – 17:00-18:00

Reading:

  • TBA

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group
9 March 2018 – 18:00-19:00

Reading:

  • Volkow, N. D., Fowler J. S., Wang, G.-J. & Swanson, J. M. (2004). “Dopamine in drug abuse and addiction: results from imaging studies and treatment implications”. Molecular Psychiatry 9, p. 557-569. (link)

Convener: Tuomas Pernu

Room 508 (typically), Philosophy Building, Strand, King’s College London

The Philosophy & Medicine Reading Group discusses topics at the intersection of philosophy and medicine, with a special focus on Causal Explanation in Psychiatry. We will base our discussion in each session on a paper. All members of the group are welcome to suggest relevant reading. Please do feel free to participate even if you have not been able to read the material or have missed a meeting. If you would like to suggest specific readings, please do not hesitate to get in touch with the group convener, Dr Tuomas Pernu by email.

Please also join us on Facebook. You are welcome to join this group as a virtual member even if you are unable to attend the actual meetings.

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